Artificial intelligence has created smart assistants for doctors. From computer-aided diagnostics to robotic surgeries, doctors are able to operate on patients with more accuracy, precision, flexibility, and confidence. In minimally invasive surgeries, robotic procedures can be used as the incision is minimal and imagery has to be high resolution. FDA approved robotic surgeries in 2000. Hospitals across Europe and the USA have slowly included robotic surgeries for treatments.
What is Robotic Surgery?
Here are a few things you must know about robotic surgery:
- Surgery performed using robots is known as robotic surgeries.
- The most popular, da Vinci Robotic Surgical System, are super bots that are a self-powered and computer-controlled agile system that can be programmed and positioned over the patient.
- The computer screen is the guide wherein every inch of the human body is magnified to the required resolution. The surgeon’s hand and wrist movements are transmitted to the robot’s arm that mimics the same motion.
- The robot’s hands can bend in any direction and reach places that are difficult for human hands to reach.
- Also, human hand tremors will not be observed in this process. However, the surgeon has all the control over the robot’s arms.
- Motion artifacts are also avoided in this procedure.
- Generally, in surgeries that involve long hours, surgeons face fatigue. However, in robot-guided surgery, the surgeon is seated comfortably on the console and he can operate the hands of the robot with ease. When required, the surgeon can step up to the table and take over from the robot.
What are the Advantages of Robotic Surgery?
The robotic surgeries have a 95 percent success rate overall. The advantages or benefits of robotic surgery over open surgeries are:
- Less blood loss as these are minimally invasive surgeries
- Shorter hospitalization period
- Reduced pain
- Less discomfort
- Faster recovery time
- Scars are minimal and heal quick
For the surgeons who perform robotic surgeries, these are a few benefits:
- Greater accuracy
- The enhanced and precise vision of the disease
- Less tiredness
- High agility
Related Article Know All About Robotic Knee Replacement Surgery
Are There Any Risks Involved?
- There are no fatal risks associated with robot-assisted surgery. But some patients have suffered minimal nerve damages as they were held in an unnatural position to suit the robot’s arm positioning.
- Tactile feedback is an important part of open surgery where the surgeon cuts open tissue and confirm that any adjacent organ is not damaged in the process. Robotic surgeries lack tactile feedback and hence it can affect adjacent organs if left unsupervised. But since the surgeon is supervising with eagle eyes, such doubts become meaningless.
Robotic surgeries are generally beneficial for the following:
- Colon surgery
- Gynecologic procedures
- Complex cancer surgeries involving tumor removal from remote locations
- Throat cancers etc.
Though there are no standardized training protocols for robotic surgeries, doctors learn the technique by mastering it on their own. 2011 John Hopkins study has compared robotic surgery with open surgery and concluded that robot-assisted surgeries are commonly successful but not much superior to open surgeries.